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Frequently Asked Questions

Our Most Frequently Asked Questions

Below is a list of our most frequently asked questions. If you have a question that is not listed, please email Y2X Life Sciences at and a representative will get back to you shortly.

Who is Y2X Life Sciences?

Y2X Life Sciences is a biotechnology company that designs scalable, effective, low cost, and non-toxic disinfection solutions. We are committed to ensuring a safer future for the planet and humanity by drastically reducing the effects and the spread of pandemics like COVID-19 for everyone, anywhere around the world.

What is HOCl?

HOCl, or hypochlorous acid, is a simple molecule with the central oxygen connected to chlorine and hydrogen atoms through single bonds – much like water in a swimming pool. Unlike chlorine, HOCl is produced by our natural immune system to fight infections.

How does HOCl work?

Fast-acting, HOCl kills most pathogens by damaging the cell walls or by entering and disrupting proteins, lipids, and DNA. Identical to the molecule that white blood cells use to fight off infections, HOCl is a key component in disinfectants and medicines used in skincare, eye drops, and PAP cleaners.

What are the advantages of HOCl over other disinfectants?

Unlike many commercial disinfectants that can sometimes be volatile, cause skin irritations, or are pungent in odor, HOCI is an all-natural, non-toxic bacteria and virus-killing disinfectant approved for use by the CDC, tested by the NIH, and reviewed by multiple academic bodies around the world. Fast-acting, HOCl kills 99.9% of most pathogens and, unlike harsh chemicals, HOCI safely breaks down into a non-toxic and eco-friendly saline solution.

What is HOCl disinfectant made from?

HOCl is made from salt and water. That’s it. There are no other ingredients. When molecules of salt (NaCl, sodium chloride) and water (H20) are combined using an electrochemical engineering process, the result is a stable, non-toxic, safe, powerful, and effective disinfectant.

How is HOCl solution applied?

The most common method used to apply HOCl solution is by spraying with a household spray bottle or an electrostatic sprayer. Follow product label for required dwell times.

How should I use HOCl solution as a disinfectant?

HOCl disinfects dozens of pathogens within minutes of application. The EPA label provides detailed lists as well as application instructions. HOCl is often applied with an electrostatic sprayer or spray bottle.

How often can HOCl be applied?

HOCl disinfectant solutions can be used whenever an area has been exposed to a contaminant, or as often as one feels necessary in preventing the spread. HOCl is safe for humans and presents no adverse health effects.

Is HOCl really safe to use as a disinfectant?

Yes, HOCl is safe and can be applied multiple times per day with no adverse health effects.  In most cases, there is no need for use of personal protective equipment (PPE) when applying; always follow EPA label instructions. HOCl has been thoroughly tested by independent labs for use as a disinfectant.

  • In the U.S., HOCl is considered “Generally Recognized as Safe” (GRAS) by the FDA
  • At least nine HOCl-based products are included in the U.S. EPA’s list of products effective against COVID-19 and other emerging pathogens
  • The USDA has approved HOCl as an antimicrobial agent for use during production and preparation of whole or cut, pre-formed, and processed meat, poultry, fish, seafood, fruits, vegetables, and shell eggs

What happens if HOCl gets into my eyes?

You should experience no adverse health reactions if HOCl is sprayed or splashed into your eyes. The salt concentration in HOCl is very similar to tears. In fact, many eye doctors use HOCl based solutions to treat eye infections like blepharitis and pinkeye. Medical reports show that it is also effective in curing a wide range of bacterial and viral eye infections. Nonetheless, should you experience eye irritation from an HOCl product, follow the directions on its Safety Data Sheet.

How long does an object or surface stay disinfected?

Over time, a surface subject to exposure or contaminants will repeatedly need to be cleaned and disinfected. This is true for any disinfectant, as they do not guarantee long-term protection.

What is electrostatic spray technology?

Electrostatic spray technology is a revolutionary way to apply cleaners, sanitizers, and disinfectants to large areas and surfaces in less time and with better coverage than traditional methods. Electrostatic spraying has been used for many decades in painting and agriculture. The technology prevents liquid pooling often associated with trigger sprayers by electrostatically charging droplets that leave the spray nozzle which repel one another to keep them from coming together and forming larger droplets. This method of spraying also “wraps” around surfaces providing even and consistent surface coverage.

What is the difference between cleaning, sanitizing, and disinfecting?

Cleaning removes germs, dirt, and impurities from surfaces and objects with the use of soap or detergent and water. Cleaning physically removes debris, along with most germs and viruses from surfaces. Cleaning is always recommended before disinfecting or sanitizing any appliance, tool, or surface. 

Disinfecting kills viruses, bacteria, and other pathogens on surfaces and objects. Disinfection is appropriate for frequently touched surfaces and surfaces likely to harbor pathogens. It is recommended that objects and surfaces are cleaned before being disinfected, as disinfection is not always an effective cleaning method. 

Sanitizing is meant to reduce the occurrence and growth of bacteria. Sanitizing is better than cleaning alone but the reduction of pathogen populations on environmental surfaces is exponentially better when disinfected.

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